Meritocracy and Its Discontents

In Meritocracy and Its Discontents, Howlett contends that the Gaokao serves as a pivotal rite of passage in which people strive to personify cultural virtues such as diligence, composure, filial devotion, and divine favor.

Meritocracy and Its Discontents

Meritocracy and Its Discontents investigates the wider social, political, religious, and economic dimensions of the Gaokao, China's national college entrance exam, as well as the complications that arise from its existence. Each year, some nine million high school seniors in China take the Gaokao, which determines college admission and provides a direct but difficult route to an urban lifestyle for China's hundreds of millions of rural residents. But with college graduates struggling to find good jobs, some are questioning the exam's legitimacy—and, by extension, the fairness of Chinese society. Chronicling the experiences of underprivileged youth, Zachary M. Howlett's research illuminates how people remain captivated by the exam because they regard it as fateful—an event both consequential and undetermined. He finds that the exam enables people both to rebel against the social hierarchy and to achieve recognition within it. In Meritocracy and Its Discontents, Howlett contends that the Gaokao serves as a pivotal rite of passage in which people strive to personify cultural virtues such as diligence, composure, filial devotion, and divine favor.

More Books:

Meritocracy and Its Discontents
Language: en
Pages: 282
Authors: Zachary M. Howlett
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-04-15 - Publisher: Cornell University Press

Meritocracy and Its Discontents investigates the wider social, political, religious, and economic dimensions of the Gaokao, China's national college entrance exam, as well as the complications that arise from its existence. Each year, some nine million high school seniors in China take the Gaokao, which determines college admission and provides
The Meritocracy Trap
Language: en
Pages: 464
Authors: Daniel Markovits
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-09-10 - Publisher: Penguin UK

'This book flips your world upside down. Daniel Markovits argues that meritocracy isn't a virtuous, efficient system that rewards the best and brightest. Instead it rewards middle-class families who can afford huge investments in their children's education ... Frightening, eye-opening stuff' The Times, Books of the Year Even in the
Geek and Hacker Stories
Language: en
Pages: 112
Authors: Brian Alleyne
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-11-02 - Publisher: Springer

Geeks, hackers and gamers share a common ‘geek culture’, whose members are defined and define themselves mainly in terms of technology and rationality. The members of geek culture produce and circulate stories to express who they are and to explain and justify what they do. Geek storytelling draws on plots
Loving Music Till It Hurts
Language: en
Pages: 352
Authors: William Cheng
Categories: Music
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-10-01 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

Can music feel pain? Do songs possess dignity? Do symphonies have rights? Of course not, you might say. Yet think of how we anthropomorphize music, not least when we believe it has been somehow mistreated. A singer butchered or mangled the "Star-Spangled Banner" at the Super Bowl. An underrehearsed cover
Right Star Rising: A New Politics, 1974-1980
Language: en
Pages: 473
Authors: Laura Kalman
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010-06-28 - Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

This narrative history of the Ford-Carter years discusses the relevance of the period's politics on today's issues and its shaping of the current political environment, including the energy crisis, a sharp economic downturn and a collision with fundamentalism in Iran.