Probability and Opinion

Modern physics has accustomed us to consider events which cannot give rise to certainty in our knowledge.

Probability and Opinion

Modern physics has accustomed us to consider events which cannot give rise to certainty in our knowledge. A scientific knowledge of such events is nevertheless possible. The method which has enabled us to obtain a stable and exact knowledge about uncertain events consists in a kind of changing of plane and in the replacing of the study of indi vidual phenomena by the study of statistical aggregates to which those phenomena can give rise. A statistical aggregate is not a collection of real phenomena, among which some would happen more often, others more rarely. It is a set of possibilities relative to a certain object or to a certain type of phenomenon. For example, we could consider the differ ent ways in which a die, thrown in given conditions, can fall: they are the possible results of a certain trial, the casting of the die (in the fore seen conditions). The set of those results constitutes effectively a set of possibilities, relative to a phenomenon of a certain type, the fall of the die in specified circumstances. Similarly, it is possible to consider the different velocities which can affect a molecule in a volume of gas; the set of those velocities constitutes effectively a set of possible values which a physical property, namely the velocity of a molecule, can have.

More Books:

Probability and Opinion
Language: en
Pages: 334
Authors: Edmund F. Byrne
Categories: Mathematics
Type: BOOK - Published: 1968 - Publisher: Springer

Modern physics has accustomed us to consider events which cannot give rise to certainty in our knowledge. A scientific knowledge of such events is nevertheless possible. The method which has enabled us to obtain a stable and exact knowledge about uncertain events consists in a kind of changing of plane
Probability and Literary Form
Language: en
Pages: 380
Authors: Douglas Lane Patey
Categories: Literary Criticism
Type: BOOK - Published: 1984-04-12 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This highly original and penetrating study explores fundamental intellectual predispositions and concepts which underpin the literature and thought of the Augustan period in England. By examining in particular Augustan notions of probability and the way they provided a framework for thinking about and organising experience, Dr Patey reconstructs a characteristically
Classical Probability in the Enlightenment
Language: en
Pages: 423
Authors: Lorraine Daston
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 1995-11-05 - Publisher: Princeton University Press

"This book presents a comprehensive, insightful survey of the history of probability, both in terms of its scientific and its social uses. . . . It represents a substantial contribution not only to the history of probability but also to our understanding of the Enlightenment in general".--Joseph W. Dauben, "American
A History of Probability and Statistics and Their Applications before 1750
Language: en
Pages: 608
Authors: Anders Hald
Categories: Mathematics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005-02-25 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PAPERBACK SERIES The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future
On-line Cognition in Person Perception
Language: en
Pages: 244
Authors: John N. Bassili
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-02-01 - Publisher: Psychology Press

The contributors to this collection focus on the cognitive processes that take place during the initial acquisition of information about others (on-line processes) rather than later when memory processes begin playing a dominant role (memory-based processes). Utilizing the methods and concepts of social cognition, the book illustrates how the study