Science and Technology of Fast Ion Conductors

The rediscovery of fast ion conduction in solids in the 1960's stimulated interest both in the scientific community in which the fundamentals of diffusion, order-disorder phenomena and crystal structure evaluation required re-examination, ...

Science and Technology of Fast Ion Conductors

The rediscovery of fast ion conduction in solids in the 1960's stimulated interest both in the scientific community in which the fundamentals of diffusion, order-disorder phenomena and crystal structure evaluation required re-examination, and in the technical community in which novel approaches to energy conversion and chemical sensing became possible with the introduction of the new field of "Solid State Ionics. " Because of both the novelty and the vitality of this field, it has grown rapidly in many directions. This growth has included the discovery of many new crystalline fast ion conductors, and the extension to the fields of organic and amorphous compounds. The growth has involved the extension of classical diffusion theory in an attempt to account for carrier interactions and the development of sophisticated computer models. Diffraction techniques have been refined to detect carrier distributions and anharmonic vibrations. Similar advances in the application of other techniques such as NMR, Raman, IR, and Impedance Spectroscopies to this field have also occurred. The applications of fast ion conducting solid electrolytes have also developed in many directions. High energy density Na/S batteries are now reaching the last stages of development, Li batteries are being implanted in humans for heart pacemakers, and solid state fuel cells are again being considered for future power plants. The proliferation of inexpensive microcomputers has stimulated the need for improved chemical sensors--a major application now being the zirconia auto exhaust sensor being sold by the millions each year.

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Science and Technology of Fast Ion Conductors
Language: en
Pages: 372
Authors: Harry L. Tuller, M. Balkanski
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-12-06 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The rediscovery of fast ion conduction in solids in the 1960's stimulated interest both in the scientific community in which the fundamentals of diffusion, order-disorder phenomena and crystal structure evaluation required re-examination, and in the technical community in which novel approaches to energy conversion and chemical sensing became possible with
Defects and Disorder in Crystalline and Amorphous Solids
Language: en
Pages: 511
Authors: Richard Catlow
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-12-06 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

The study of defects and disorder in solids remains a central topic in solid state science. Developments in the field continue to be promoted by new experimental and theoretical techniques, while further impetus for the study of disorder in solids is provided by the growing range of applications of solid
Oxygen Ion and Mixed Conductors and Their Technological Applications
Language: en
Pages: 475
Authors: H.L. Tuller, Joop Schoonman, Johannes Schoonman, Ilan Riess
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-10-31 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Progress in the development of oxygen ion and mixed conductors is responsible for innovations in gas sensors, fuel cells, oxygen permeation membranes, oxygen pumps and electrolyzers. Commercialization has been impeded by material stability and compatibility issues, high fabrication costs and an inadequate understanding of the interfacial phenomena controlling the operation
Handbook of Solid State Electrochemistry
Language: en
Pages: 704
Authors: P. J. Gellings
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-04-24 - Publisher: CRC Press

The Handbook of Solid State Electrochemistry is a one-stop resource treating the two main areas of solid state electrochemistry: electrochemical properties of solids such as oxides, halides, and cation conductors; and electrochemical kinetics and mechanisms of reactions occurring on solid electrolytes, including gas-phase electrocatalysis. The fund
Science and Engineering of One- and Zero-Dimensional Semiconductors
Language: en
Pages: 350
Authors: Steven P. Beaumont, Clivia M. Sotomayor Torres
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-12-06 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This volume comprises the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Science and Engineering of 1- and O-dimensional semiconductors held at the University of Cadiz from 29th March to 1st April 1989, under the auspices of the NATO International Scientific Exchange Program. There is a wealth of scientific